Phonics And Reading


Phonics Intent


  • To be secure with phase 1 sounds

  • Start phase 2 sounds


  • Secure phase 2 sounds

  • Phase 3 sounds (most children secure)

Year 1

  • Phase 3 sounds (Revision for most)

  • Some children to revisit phase sounds during interventions.

  • Phase 5 sounds and alternative sounds

Year 2

  • Revision phase 5 alternative spellings

  • Spelling rules


  • Twinkl Phonics

  • Taught through games, phonics play, sound cards

  • Assessment: Reception- Assess the sounds they can read and write (Half term)

  • End of Reception- Assess the first 20 words (Phonics Screen)

  • Sounds for SEN children who cannot access words

  • Year 1- phonics screen (half termly)

  • End of Year 1- Phonics Screen

Phonics Scheme

At St Mary's we use the DfE validated Twinkl phonics scheme. Scroll to the bottom of this page and you will find more information on the Twinkl scheme, how to help your child with phonics and information on the Phonic Screen that your child will complete at the end of Year 1.

Here are some videos to help you to support your child with their sounds.

Level 2 sounds

Level 3 sounds

Phase 4 Tricky words

Phase 5 sounds mats

Phonics websites

Information for parents

What is a phoneme? It is the smallest unit of sound and a piece of terminology that children like to use and should be taught. At first it will equate with a letter sound but later on will include the digraphs.

What is a digraph? This is when two or more letters come together to make a phoneme. /oa/ makes the sound in boat.

What is blending? Blending is the process that is involved in bringing the sounds together to make a word or a syllable and is how /c/ /a/ /t / becomes cat.

Reading scheme

At St Mary's we use the Collins Reading Materials in Key Stage 2, supplemented by other publishers. In Foundation Stage and Key Stage 1 we use Oxford Reading Tree. These were purchased by the PTA. You can find out more about the the Collins Big Cat scheme by clicking here and the Oxford Reading Tree materials by clicking here.

Reading with your child

One of the greatest gifts that you can give to your child is a love of reading. Research has shown that one of the biggest indicators of success in a child's life is whether or not they have books in the home. As a parent, try to focus on making reading fun and enjoyable rather than getting bogged down in trying to teach nitty gritty skills. There are many, many different things that you can do. Here are just a few:

  • Let your child see you reading - This can be a newspaper, magazine, anything you like. This is a powerful message to send to your child so go on, put your feet up for 10 minutes and have a read.

  • Read something with your child - It doesn't need to be a book. The secret is to find something that your child is desperate to read - comics, magazines, football programmes, newspapers, internet pages, texts, e-mails, catalogues etc. If you are reading books together you could ask your child's school what Book Band your child is reading at (this will be a colour) and choose a book from this band. However, never underestimate the power of a book that a child really, really wants to read, even if it is too hard for them. If they are very keen to read a particular tricky book then go for it and just help them out when they need it.

  • Talk about what they are reading - Talk before you start. Talk whilst you are reading. Talk after you have finished. You can still talk about what your child is reading even if they don't want to actually read with you any more.

  • Praise your child - Studies show that children who are given specific support with their reading make much greater progress if they are given lots of praise than if they are given the support alone. It can be tough to think up lots of new ways to praise your child. It can be also be hard to stay positive if you are particularly worried about your child's reading skills. Try to praise your child's accuracy, understanding and attitude. If you are stuck for ideas have a look at these Ways to Praise (phonics play).


Click on the link above to find out more about Twinkl phonics

t-tp-1625854895-eyfs-help-your-child-with-phonics-poster-for-parents_ver_3 (1).pdf

Click on the link above to find out about the Phonic screen